Hi there! Today i’ll be sharing some cyber security best practices for surface webers. The ‘surface web’ is the portion of the web readily available to normal users, search engines and web crawlers.
According to statistics, only 10% of the web is available on the surface. There is the deep web and also the dark web both of which occupies 90% of the world wide web.
The deep web is made up mostly of web content that shouldn’t be seen by just anyone for instance, emails, messages, transaction logs, online banking and content that requires payment before access etc. The dark web is a more conplex area of the web. It requires special tools or software to access the dark web.
The dark web is more often dominated by illegal content, criminal activities, black markets, and many more but that’s a topic for another day.
Okay, let’s shift focus back to why we came here;
Cyber Security Practices For The Surface Web Surfers
Generally, securing your devices, online identity and activities is just as important as locking your doors at night, or when you’re out. The internet isn’t as safe as you think. Lots of malicious softwares and cyber threats are out there. It is very important to take your cyber security seriously so you don’t be a victim. You have here some easy tips to help you defend against these cyber insecurities.
1. Use Strong Passwords:
Anything less than 12 characters isn’t fit to be your password. One of the best ways to prevent hackers is to have a strong and unique password. A good password shouldn’t have any of your personal information like Date of birth, anniversary or middlename. Alphanumeric passwords mixed with symbols are the best as it makes it difficult for a hacker to crack.
2. Get An Antivirus Software:
This is one way to get protection from malicious software, detect and remove them too. It is a must have for your PC or mobile devices. Avoid the risk of losing your personal information, your important files and documents and even money from your bank account. Install and keep the antivirus software updated. Having an antivirus is one of the top practices for cyber security.
3. Clear Your Cache:
A browser holds your history with the sole aim of helping you easily find maybe a forgotten site you once visited. Mind you, it can be used against you by authorities, friend’s, colleagues, partners, boss or anyone. To avoid this, it is important to delete your browser history or ensure it is never stored. This may cause slower loading times for some sites tho.
4. Use Two Factor Authentication (2FA):
2FA involves you providing more than just your password to your accounts. It usually makes use of a normal password and a one time password (OTP) that will be sent to your phone or mail upon request.
Of all the cyber security practices and tips I have listed, this particular one may not go well with you if you don’t like long processes but it sure will prevent attackers from gaining access to your device.
You may need to use your fingerprints or facial recognition. This way, attackers can’t access your credentials even if they know your password as they do not have the same fingerprints or face as you.
5. Protect Phone Number:
If your phone number gets into the wrong hands, you stand the risk of losing your data. Your phone is one way to access your credentials. For maximum security in the cyber world, it is important to protect your phone number by adding a secondary code to prevent attackers from gaining access.
6. Always Safe Click:
There are so many links on your email, messaging apps that are baits. They disguise as secure websites, tricking you into giving them your credentials that may cause malicious softwares to download automatically and infect your device(s). It is therefore very important to mind what you click on except it is from a source you trust else, it could be trap!
7. Monitor Your Account(s):
In a bid to look out for any suspicious activities or compromise, it is very important to monitor your accounts. Stay on top of your accounts always. Don’t leave them unattended. Something unusual could spell trouble.
8. Virtual Private Network (VPN):
Using Virtual Private Network is a very good internet/cyber security practices that can protect you from major threats asides malicious software or viruses. It helps hide your original IP address and keeps you anonymous online hence protection from hackers. There’s no reason why you shouldn’t be using a VPN.
9. Ensure You Back Up:
Have you ever wondered what happens if your system suddenly crashes or some sort of hard drive failure occurs or your device gets stolen? It can be a very frustrating moment. To avoid this, it is necessary to save important files to a secure cloud storage like google drive. Data loss due to cyber attacks can be very devastating. Think safely and closely and have your files backed up always.
10. Beware Of Phishing Scam:
Phishing is a method hackers use to collect or gain access to vital information like passwords, email accounts, credit card details, etc from unsuspecting users through malicious links, files, applications etc.
Before clicking that funny looking link or that link to download a paid software for free, think twice and be very sure it isn’t a malicious link. One single click can ruin your life so there is more reason to be cyber security conscious. Now, how can you identify a malicious link? Well, that’s a blog topic for another day.
Further more, you might have received calls or texts requesting for your vital personal information like your password or credit card pin, claiming to be from your bank or some other reputable companies. I think it’s safe to cal it “Offline Phishing”. Do not disclose such personal information. Contact a trusted source to be sure before giving a reply.
I believe you know better now regarding the best cyber security practices and tips as a surface web user and will be more careful on the web as from today. Remember, Just one click can ruin your life! Stay safe on the internet.